Rivers in mountain areas of Romania can provide, through facilities relatively simple, low cost electricity with reduced or positive impact on the environment. It is true that the installed unit is small, but if you multiply with 1.000 – the approximate number of possible arrangements national installed power become significant!
Micro Hydro Electric Projects in Romania
SHP plants construction growth has followed a constant upward trend over the past 10 years. The bulk of all SHP in Romania have been constructed within the last 20 years.
In East-Central Europe, hydroelectricity already represents a substantial source of power in some countries such as Albania (96% of total electricity generation), Croatia (59%) or Romania (37%). Most of the potential for future hydropower expansion lies in Romania, Bulgaria and Albania, as well as in the former Yugoslav republics.
It has been estimated that there are more than 2.000 locations in the Transylvania mountains that are suited for the development of small hydro plants. Feasible projects were a major concern for investors in recent years. Investment costs for new plants are in the range of 1.500 to 3.000 €/kW.
The environmental requirements with regard to SHP development represents a challenge. Also, obtaining necessary permits and authorizations is a long and difficult process.
To compensate this, in the support of the hydropower potential the support scheme offered by the Romanian Government is one of the most attractive from Europe, even after the recent changes made by the Competent Authority (ANRE).
So at the end of 2015 a total of 300 MW were put into operation, and benefits of the support scheme trough GC.
Romania’s hydropower potential remains a huge one, and, with some improvements in the process of obtaining the permits, in the next future this sector will continue to grow.